Ashwini sir anatomy handwritten notes PDF

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Ashwini sir anatomy handwritten notes PDF

You can download ashwini sir anatomy handwritten notes here..Before that we will look at some basic anatomy concepts.

ASHWINI SIR ANATOMY PDF

Studies of gross anatomy can be approached in several different ways including systemic, regional,or clinical anatomy. Systemic anatomy is an approach to anatomic study organized by organ systems, such as the respiratory, digestive, or reproductive systems, which relates structure to function. Regional anatomy is an approach to anatomic study based on regions and deals with structural relationships among the parts of the body such as the thorax and abdomen, emphasizing the relationships among various systemic structures such as muscles, nerves, and blood vessels.
Anatomy is best learned by emphasizing its connection to clinical medicine, and thus clinical anatomy emphasizes the practical application of anatomic knowledge to the solution of clinical problems that are important in and have real pertinence to the practice of medicine. In this introductoryΒ chapter, the systemic approach is used to the study of anatomy. In subsequent chapters, the clinical and regional approaches to the study of anatomy are used because many injuries and diseases involve specific body regions, and dissections and surgical procedures are performed region by region. In addition, clinical correlations are presented throughout the text.
SKELETAL SYSTEM

Ashwini sir anatomy handwritten notes PDF
Bones
β€’ Are calcified connective tissue consisting of cells (osteocytes) in a matrix of ground substance
and collagen fibers.
β€’ Serve as a reservoir for calcium and phosphorus and act as levers on which muscles act to produce the movements permitted by joints.
β€’ Contain internal soft tissue, the marrow, where blood cells are formed.
β€’ Are classified, according to shape, into long, short, flat, irregular, and sesamoid bones; and according to their developmental history into endochondral and membranous bones.
A. Long bones
β€’ Include the clavicle, humerus, radius, ulna, femur, tibia, fibula, metacarpals, and phalanges.
β€’ Develop by replacement of hyaline cartilage platee ndochondralossification).

β€’ Have a shaft (diaphysis) and two ends (epiphyses). The metaphysis is a part of the diaphysis adjacent to the epiphyses.
1. Diaphysis
β€’ Forms the shaft (central region) and is composed of a thick tube of compact bone that encloses the marrow cavity.
2. Metaphysis
β€’ Is a part of the diaphysis, the growth zone between the diaphysis and epiphysis during bone development

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Ashwini sir anatomy handwritten notes PDF